Metals Education

Jewelry Metals: Which Option Is Best For You?

When you purchase a ring at Jewelry Johan, you are in control over the result of the final product. Within reason, any ring can be made in any metal or material you choose. Below is a list of metals and elements that we offer. If you’d like something that you don’t see here or if you have any questions, please contact us to consult one of our jewelry experts.

METAL
AFFORDABILITY
SCRATCH RESISTANCE
WEIGHT
METAL PURITY
HYPOALLERGENIC LEVEL

Black Ceramic

⍟⍟⍟⍟⍟

⍟⍟⍟⍟⍟

⍟⍟

⍟⍟⍟⍟⍟

⍟⍟⍟⍟⍟

Gold (14k)

⍟⍟

⍟⍟⍟

⍟⍟

⍟⍟

Palladium (14k)

⍟⍟⍟

⍟⍟⍟

⍟⍟⍟

⍟⍟⍟⍟

⍟⍟⍟⍟⍟

Platinum

⍟⍟

⍟⍟⍟⍟⍟

⍟⍟⍟⍟⍟

⍟⍟⍟⍟⍟

Silver

⍟⍟⍟⍟⍟

⍟⍟⍟⍟⍟

⍟⍟⍟⍟⍟

⍟⍟⍟⍟⍟

⍟⍟⍟⍟⍟

Titanium

⍟⍟⍟⍟⍟

⍟⍟⍟⍟

⍟⍟⍟⍟

⍟⍟⍟⍟

Tungsten

⍟⍟⍟⍟⍟

⍟⍟⍟⍟⍟

⍟⍟⍟⍟⍟

⍟⍟⍟⍟

⍟⍟⍟⍟


tITANIUM

Pros: Hypoallergenic, does not crack under pressure, affordable.

Cons: Not as white as platinum, must be cut off in emergency, scratches easiest of all alternative metal rings.

This metal is versatile! You can give it different finishes or textures that make it stunning in presentation – all while keeping a low price! Titanium, like all jewelry metals, will acquire scratches through daily wear. These scratches are easy to see on new jewelry – however, over time a natural satin patina will be developed over the surface – making scratches almost unnoticeable. Protect your ring by removing it during activities that may subject it to abrasion or hard knocks. We recommend that you not wear any type of ring at the gym, when gardening, playing sports, or at the beach.

Titanium is a very lightweight but durable metal that does have the ability to scratch, which can be buffed out; it can dent but it should not crack, we use 6AL4 Grade 5 Titanium. It is the most commonly used alloy. It has a chemical composition of 6% aluminum, 4% vanadium, 0.25% (maximum) iron, 0.2% (maximum) oxygen, and the remainder titanium. It is significantly stronger than commercially pure titanium while having the same stiffness and thermal properties. Among its many advantages, it is heat treatable. This grade is an excellent combination of strength, corrosion resistance, weld and fabricability. This is the same Grade of titanium that is used in Biomedical Implants. Below are three of our rings that feature titanium.

Finishes available in Titanium:

  • Polished
  • Matte
  • Brushed
  • Frosted
  • Deep Frost
  • Sandblasted

Tungsten

Pros: Tungsten is the most scratch resistant metal and has a very affordable price. It is very easy to remove in case of medical emergency, no cutting or sawing required. As an added bonus; it’s hypoallergenic.

Cons: Tungsten is not naturally as white as platinum. Due to its hardness; it doesn’t bend, so it breaks if enough force is applied.

Tungsten is the 2nd hardest metal and is extremely scratch resistant. When you hold or wear this ring you can feel the slight weight of something substantial – something you can’t get with a lightweight ring. However it does have the ability to shatter if it is hit too hard against something or dropped on a hard surface. The tungsten is composed of tungsten, carbon and nickel. The binder that bonds the tungsten and carbon is nickel. There is also a similar metal called cobalt chrome, which is less likely to crack – however it is more expensive and more likely to be scratched. Cobalt chrome’s crack-resistance also means it must also be sawed off in a medical emergency.

Black Ceramic

Pros: Ceramic is just as scratch resistant as tungsten. It’s black color is not plating like black tungsten, so can’t scratch off. Black Ceramic isn’t a metal so it won’t set off metal detectors. Just like tungsten, it’s hypoallergenic.

Cons: Due to its hardness; it doesn’t bend, so it breaks if enough force is applied.

The ceramic is Hi-Tech Ceramic or Jewelry Grade Ceramic. It is ceramic mixed with carbon to form a lightweight carbide similar to tungsten carbide. However, it is correct in saying that it has no metal. We use it in place of tungsten because it is almost as hard as tungsten carbide making it extremely scratch resistant, but it can be made to be black. Similar to tungsten carbide, ceramic could chip if dropped on a hard surface. It is rare, but it can happen.

Silver

Pros: Silver is the least expensive precious metal. It’s very white in color and hypoallergenic.

Cons: Sadly; it tarnishes, but can be cleaned at home. It’s more scratch resistant than gold.

Type: Lustrous precious metal, valued for its beauty.

Sterling: .925 sterling silver.

Durability: Pure silver is relatively soft, very malleable, and easily damaged so it is commonly combined with other metals to produce a more durable product. The silver we use consists of 92.5% silver and 7.5% of alloy.

Color: White.

Finish: Polish, bright and sparkling.

Gold

Pros: Gold has a good store of value and is easy to work with. It can also be made into many colors!

Cons: It scratches easily, has a high cost, and white gold is plating that scratches off and needs to be re-plated.

Types: 10K, 14K or 18K (higher karat = more pure gold, more pliable, more yellowish hue). We do not offer 10k Rose Gold – only 14k or 18k.

Gold is eye-catching and tasteful. Gold used in jewelry consists of: silver, copper, zinc, nickel, palladium – the addition of these elements are to make gold more durable for everyday wear and to alter its color (e.g. more copper is added to create rose gold). If you are allergic to nickel alloy, you may have an allergic reaction to gold. The white gold we use is X1 white gold nickel alloy; it does not require rhodium plating.

Platinum

Pros: Platinum is the most luxurious metal and is very white color. It’s also hypoallergenic.

Cons: This is the most expensive metal, and it scratches easier than palladium.

Beautifully bright and precious, platinum is the go-to metal for head-turning jewelry. Platinum consists of: ruthenium, iridium, platinum. Platinum is hypoallergenic, and will retain white color. However it is susceptible to scratches, just like any other metal.

Palladium (14k)

Pros: Palladium has a high precious metal content, and is almost as white as platinum. It’s more affordable than platinum or gold rings, and has better scratch resistance compared to platinum, silver, and gold. It’s hypoallergenic.

Cons: Not as white as platinum, and harder to cast compared to gold and platinum.

While gorgeously white when polished this metal is lightweight and durable. If your ring has a stone this’ll really bring out it’s flair! Palladium consists of: ruthenium, iridium. Palladium is hypoallergenic, and will maintain a natural white color. Its great luster enhances gems and is a naturally strong metal, while being lighter than platinum. However it is susceptible to scratches, just like any other metal.

tITANIUM

Pros: Hypoallergenic, does not crack under pressure, affordable.

Cons: Not as white as platinum, must be cut off in emergency, scratches easiest of all alternative metal rings.

This metal is versatile! You can give it different finishes or textures that make it stunning in presentation – all while keeping a low price! Titanium, like all jewelry metals, will acquire scratches through daily wear. These scratches are easy to see on new jewelry – however, over time a natural satin patina will be developed over the surface – making scratches almost unnoticeable. Protect your ring by removing it during activities that may subject it to abrasion or hard knocks. We recommend that you not wear any type of ring at the gym, when gardening, playing sports, or at the beach.

Titanium is a very lightweight but durable metal that does have the ability to scratch, which can be buffed out; it can dent but it should not crack, we use 6AL4 Grade 5 Titanium. It is the most commonly used alloy. It has a chemical composition of 6% aluminum, 4% vanadium, 0.25% (maximum) iron, 0.2% (maximum) oxygen, and the remainder titanium. It is significantly stronger than commercially pure titanium while having the same stiffness and thermal properties. Among its many advantages, it is heat treatable. This grade is an excellent combination of strength, corrosion resistance, weld and fabricability. This is the same Grade of titanium that is used in Biomedical Implants. Below are three of our rings that feature titanium.

Finishes available in Titanium:

  • Polished
  • Matte
  • Brushed
  • Frosted
  • Deep Frost
  • Sandblasted

Tungsten

Pros: Tungsten is the most scratch resistant metal and has a very affordable price. It is very easy to remove in case of medical emergency, no cutting or sawing required. As an added bonus; it’s hypoallergenic.

Cons: Tungsten is not naturally as white as platinum. Due to its hardness; it doesn’t bend, so it breaks if enough force is applied.

Tungsten is the 2nd hardest metal and is extremely scratch resistant. When you hold or wear this ring you can feel the slight weight of something substantial – something you can’t get with a lightweight ring. However it does have the ability to shatter if it is hit too hard against something or dropped on a hard surface. The tungsten is composed of tungsten, carbon and nickel. The binder that bonds the tungsten and carbon is nickel. There is also a similar metal called cobalt chrome, which is less likely to crack – however it is more expensive and more likely to be scratched. Cobalt chrome’s crack-resistance also means it must also be sawed off in a medical emergency.


Black Ceramic

Pros: Ceramic is just as scratch resistant as tungsten. It’s black color is not plating like black tungsten, so can’t scratch off. Black Ceramic isn’t a metal so it won’t set off metal detectors. Just like tungsten, it’s hypoallergenic.

Cons: Due to its hardness; it doesn’t bend, so it breaks if enough force is applied.

The ceramic is Hi-Tech Ceramic or Jewelry Grade Ceramic. It is ceramic mixed with carbon to form a lightweight carbide similar to tungsten carbide. However, it is correct in saying that it has no metal. We use it in place of tungsten because it is almost as hard as tungsten carbide making it extremely scratch resistant, but it can be made to be black. Similar to tungsten carbide, ceramic could chip if dropped on a hard surface. It is rare, but it can happen.


Silver

Pros: Silver is the least expensive precious metal. It’s very white in color and hypoallergenic.

Cons: Sadly; it tarnishes, but can be cleaned at home. It’s more scratch resistant than gold.

Type: Lustrous precious metal, valued for its beauty.

Sterling: .925 sterling silver.

Durability: Pure silver is relatively soft, very malleable, and easily damaged so it is commonly combined with other metals to produce a more durable product. The silver we use consists of 92.5% silver and 7.5% of alloy.

Color: White.

Finish: Polish, bright and sparkling.


Gold

Pros: Gold has a good store of value and is easy to work with. It can also be made into many colors!

Cons: It scratches easily, has a high cost, and white gold is plating that scratches off and needs to be re-plated.

Types: 10K, 14K or 18K (higher karat = more pure gold, more pliable, more yellowish hue). We do not offer 10k Rose Gold – only 14k or 18k.

Gold is eye-catching and tasteful. Gold used in jewelry consists of: silver, copper, zinc, nickel, palladium – the addition of these elements are to make gold more durable for everyday wear and to alter its color (e.g. more copper is added to create rose gold). If you are allergic to nickel alloy, you may have an allergic reaction to gold. The white gold we use is X1 white gold nickel alloy; it does not require rhodium plating.


Platinum

Pros: Platinum is the most luxurious metal and is very white color. It’s also hypoallergenic.

Cons: This is the most expensive metal, and it scratches easier than palladium.

Beautifully bright and precious, platinum is the go-to metal for head-turning jewelry. Platinum consists of: ruthenium, iridium, platinum. Platinum is hypoallergenic, and will retain white color. However it is susceptible to scratches, just like any other metal.


Palladium (14k)

Pros: Palladium has a high precious metal content, and is almost as white as platinum. It’s more affordable than platinum or gold rings, and has better scratch resistance compared to platinum, silver, and gold. It’s hypoallergenic.

Cons: Not as white as platinum, and harder to cast compared to gold and platinum.

While gorgeously white when polished this metal is lightweight and durable. If your ring has a stone this’ll really bring out it’s flair! Palladium consists of: ruthenium, iridium. Palladium is hypoallergenic, and will maintain a natural white color. Its great luster enhances gems and is a naturally strong metal, while being lighter than platinum. However it is susceptible to scratches, just like any other metal.

Subscribe